THC and CBD are different compounds found in the hemp plant.
Marijuana contains over one hundred chemical compounds known as cannabinoids. These compounds interact with our body through the endocannabinoid system.
The two best known cannabinoids are THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol). Since forever, THC has been recognized as being the psychoactive ingredient, present in the cannabis plant, responsible for the euphoric effects it causes if taken, whereas, CBD and its positive effects on the human body have been neglected until recently.
We now know that CBD is a strong pain-killer and has enormous potential in the field of wellness and cosmetics.
Just as it is well- known that THC makes you euphoric, so many are the benefits that the CBD has on our body.
THC is responsible for the euphoric and psychotropic effects created by the cannabis plant. The reason is that THC binds to the CB1 (cannabinoid 1) receptors found in the brain. This gives rise to the euphoric effect.
CBD does not bind to CB1 receptors, so it does not have a psychoactive effect. But CBD has many other effects on the body and mind. Scientists have discovered that CBD operates in over 60 different molecular pathways.
Cannabinoids interact with cannabinoid receptors throughout the body in the endocannabinoid system. Because THC binds easily to CB1 receptors, it stimulates the body in a specific way. The results are general relaxation, altered senses, fatigue and hunger.
Unlike THC, CBD does not directly stimulate the CB1 and CB2 receptors, but interacts indirectly with the CB1 and CB2 receptors.
In addition to its less direct interaction with CB1 and CB2 receptors, CBD increases levels of natural cannabinoids in the human body (called endocannabinoids) by inhibiting the enzymes that destroy them.
One of the reasons why the therapeutic effects of CBD are so prevalent is its ability to influence a wide range of receptors throughout the body.
THC and CBD have many advantages and different uses. THC is often used for its euphoric, relaxing and analgesic effects. CBD can be used to help anxiety, epilepsy and, in some cases, psychosis.
Here are some examples of the different uses of the two cannabinoids:
Common uses of THC:
Euphoria and relaxation
Sleep and drowsiness
Common uses of the CBD: